Case Study Sector
Motivated by his own experience with the deaths of his parents, philanthropist George Soros in 1994 directed his Open Society Institute to begin the Project on Death in America (PDIA). The project’s goal was to “transform the culture of dying” in the United States.
The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's interest in care at the end-of-life had begun in 1989, when it funded a five-year study for $28 million. The Study to Understand Prognoses and Preferences for Outcomes and Risks of Treatment (SUPPORT) examined the experiences, in U.S. hospitals, of dying people and their families. As a result of the study, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation sought to promote widespread adoption of palliative and end-of-life care by means of a three-part strategy:
- Professional education
- Institutional change
- Public engagement
Meanwhile, the Open Society Institute pursued a strategy of support for professional development. Over 500 hospitals now have palliative care programs. Virtually every one of these has developed since the two foundations became involved.
- Field Building
- Northern America