Community Foundations—The Relevance for Social Funds in Urban Areas: The Tanzania Social Action Fund Experience

World Bank



Case Study Sector


Social funds face a common challenge of sustaining the community capacities that are built and investments that are supported beyond the relatively short lifespan of external funding. For long-term sustainability, external funding needs to be replaced by a steady flow of domestic revenue.
The Tanzania Social Action Fund (TASAF) was established in 2000. Its first phase—from 2000 to 2004—covered rural areas in 40 districts and two islands in Zanzibar. TASAF-II has scaled up the program to all districts and runs from 2005 to 2009. The project development objective is to empower communities so that they can identify, implement, and monitor subprojects that contribute to improved livelihoods.



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