Organization Financing and Resource Generation

Global Philanthropists Circle (Synergos)



Case Study Sector


In Africa, Asia and Latin America, citizen participation through a range of civil society organizations has become a growing and vital force. Civil society organizations have brought significant material and human resources from the community level to bear on poverty problems through donations of time, energy, materials and money. Locally managed and controlled organizations that provide direct financial support to other organizations within their societies have been established over the last decade in many southern countries. Few of them were created with a single large endowment, as was the case with most northern private foundations. Most of them rely on a wide range of strategies to mobilize financial resources, including earned income contributions from individuals and corporations and grants from international organizations. Some managed donor-designated or donor-advised funds following the US community foundation experience.
To  distinguish this type of  southern foundationlike organization from northern foundations, the term "civil society resource organization," or CSRO, has been proposed. This term refers to organizations which combine financial assistance to community-based organizations and NGOs with other forms of support for organizations or the civil society sector as a  whole.

The primary task of this paper is to address the “input” side of the duality: resource generation, and its related managerial functions. However, the demands of the funding environment also permeate the internal operations of the CSRO as well as its financial activities on the grantmaking or “output” side. Therefore considerations of financing and resource generation lead us to look at multiple aspects of a CSRO’s financial functions in order to fully understand the impacts of the funding environment.



  • Africa
  • Asia
  • Latin America

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