Providing Scientific Knowledge to Solve Public Problems: National Research Council: Carnegie Corporation of New York, 1917

Source: 
Center for Strategic Philanthropy and Civil Society (Duke)

Date

2007

Case Study Sector

Management

In 1863, Congress chartered the National Academy of Sciences as a means by which the government could obtain the advice of scientists about matters of national interest, particularly relating to the country’s needs in time of war. After the Civil War, however, the Academy became relatively inactive, as the government rarely sought its services. In 1913, George Ellery Hale, renowned astronomer and foreign secretary of the Academy, proposed sweeping reforms to make the Academy more relevant to social and government needs. In a reorganization intended to strengthen its capacity for scientific coordination and research, the Academy created the National Research Council (NRC). The NRC found early financial support for its work in the Engineering Foundation, the Carnegie Corporation (its largest supporter during the First World War), the Rockefeller Foundation, and the federal government. The NRC is now the primary source, for Congress and agencies of the Executive Branch, of objective scientific assessments of major problems facing the American public.

Link

Keyword

  • Field Building

Region

  • Northern America

Blog Posts

Events

Jan 27

JOIN US Wednesday, January 27th at 4:30 PM, on Zoom, for a VIRTUAL discussion on reinventing local journalism with philanthropic and civic capital. Registration is Required